Abbreviated form of incr Tcl, iTcl is the term used for referring to the object- oriented extensions meant for Tcl programming language. Let’s learn more about . The name is often written as “itcl” as that contains no metacharacters (i.e., space or brackets). BOOK Tcl/Tk Tools: contains an out of date tutorial for itcl. A more tutorial introduction is presented in the paper included with this distribution. See the class command for more details on creating and using classes.

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Design by Free web templates TclTk. Because filter methods are called for all method invocations, they are generally defined with a variable number of arguments. If necessary, self target can be used within the filter to selectively hook specific methods as shown in Introspecting filter contexts.

Tcl/Tk Tutorial

For example, the state contained in an object representing a bank account would include items such as the current balance and account number.

The default implementation of this method, which is inherited by all objects from the root oo:: Notice from the output that all method invocations, even those called internally from deposit are recursively logged.

This criticism was both incorrect and unfair because Tcl did in fact support not one, but several, OO implementations. Obj81 saving account data to database.

itcl – object-oriented extensions to Tcl – Linux Man Pages (n)

Do not confuse self next with next. That leaves the question of multiple inheritance. Some general rules are. This page deliberately simplifies the status of itcl, the fact that it was separate to tcl, and how it won over the other object systems.


We will see both forms of class definition as we go along. Notice that although the next method in the method chain is printed out, it does not actually get invoked because the tutorizl method in Derived no longer calls next.

They are not explicitly invoked by name. Pages using deprecated image syntax All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June All stub articles.

Destructors behave in a similar fashion. If it is not clear from the error message, the issue is that the GeneralPurposeMixin class naturally calls next tuotrial that class that mixes it in can get initialized through its constructor.

About iTcl or incr Tcl

The output shows the method chain so we can see for example that the filter methods are first in line. No value judgement intended. This defines the data members for the tutorrial as per-object variables. Classes tutorixl objects can override the uttorial implementation method to take some other action instead. For these reasons, mixins seemed a better choice in our design aside from the fact that we needed some example to illustrate mixins. This would be tedious and error prone.

In most languages, implementation of these messages involves calling methods which are just function calls with a context associated with the object. Enumerating classes Classes are also objects in TclOO and therefore the same command used to enumerate objects can be used to enumerate classes. The home page is http: We will now look at another mechanism to extend or change the behaviour of classes and objects – mixins.


Specialization is done through the oo:: The question then arises as to how to choose the appropriate feature for a particular design requirement. They need to be brought into scope with the my variable statement. TclOO locates the code tuforial be run by searching the potential implementations in a specific order.

Thus a checking account is a bank account and can be used at any place in the banking model where the tuorial associated with a bank account is expected. These are useful in programming dynamic object systems, runtime debugging and tracing, and building layered OO systems. AMGApril The following code accomplishes this. Conversely, the info class subclasses will return the classes directly inheriting from the specified class.

Every object has a method named unknown which is run when no method of that name is defined for that object actually in the method chain for that object as we see later.

Method visibility can be changed by using the export and unexport commands inside a oo:: Imagine we want to package some functionality as a mixin class.